Użyteczność, piękno, wartość – estetyka Adama Smitha

Anna Markwart

Abstrakt


An outline of Adam Smith’s views concerning the issue of beauty was presented. The goal of the paper was to draw attention to the rarely discussed, in particular on Polish ground, this area of philosophy of the author of Theory of Moral Sentiments. Also an attempt to list the factors that play an important role in formulating the aesthetic judgment was undertaken. The issue of imitation and its degree of relativity to particular types of pieces of art (the philosopher stressed that it is impossible to put the same measure when it comes to different means of artistic expression, each of the arts has its own rules) and the social conditionings, such as fashion, custom, utility or market value of the work (which also suggests the possibility of the variability of aesthetic judgment over time, when fashion changes as well as the availability of materials) were contrasted. It was shown that they are all intertwined in the Smith’s theory, not allowing to draw a clear distinction that would define to what extent the beauty of the piece of art is the result of the artist’s talent who was imitating reality in a manner appropriate for the type of art and from which point it becomes a matter of market value or utility of the object, or the desire to follow the current fashion.


Słowa kluczowe


Adam Smith; aesthetics; imitation; utility; value; fashion; beauty

Pełny tekst:

PDF

Bibliografia


Bohls E.A., Disinterestedness and Denial of the Particular: Locke, Adam Smith, and the Subject of Aesthetics [w:] Eighteenth-Century Aesthetics and the Reconstruction of Art, Mattick P. Jr (ed.), Cambridge 1993, online 2011.

Hume D., Sprawdzian smaku [w:] D. Hume, Eseje z dziedziny moralności i literatury, Warszawa 1955.

Hutcheson F., Philosophical writings, London 1994.

Malek J.S., Adam Smith’s Contribution to Eighteen-Century British Aesthetics, „The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism†1972, No. 1, Vol. 31.

Pascal B., Myśli, Warszawa 1996.

Phillipson N., Adam Smith. An Enlightened Life, Londyn 2010.

Rothschild L., Further Thoughts on the Aesthetics of Adam Smith, „The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism†1973, No. 4, Vol. 31, 1973.

Shaftesbury A.A.C., List o entuzjazmie. Moraliści, Toruń 2007.

Smith A., Badania nad naturą i przyczynami bogactwa narodów, Warszawa 2007, t. I i II.

Smith A., Lectures on Rhetoric and Belles Lettres [w:] A. Smith, The Glasgow Edition of the Works and Correspondence of Adam Smith, Indianapolis 1982.

Smith A., Of the Affinity between Certain English and Italian Verses [w:] A. Smith, Essays on Philosophical Subjects, Indianapolis 1982.

Smith A., Of the Nature of that Imitation which Takes Place in what Are Called the Imitative Arts [w:] A. Smith, Essays on Philosophical Subjects, Indianapolis 1982.

Smith A., Teoria uczuć moralnych, Warszawa 1989.

Smith A., The History of Astronomy [w:] A. Smith, Essays on Philosophical Subjects, Indianapolis 1982.

Stróżewski W., Wokół piękna, Kraków 2002.

Tatarkiewicz W., Dzieje sześciu pojęć, Warszawa 1975.

Veblen T., Teoria klasy próżniaczej, Warszawa 2008.

Wawrzonkowski K., Wyobraźnia i wzniosłość. Toeriopoznawcze podstawy wybranych koncepcji estetycznych XVIII wieku, Toruń 2010.

Zabieglik S., Adam Smith, Warszawa 2003.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.