Dwa sposoby (rozumienia) alfabetyzacji?

Hanna Kostyło


The paper The Alphabet of the World with the World of the Alphabet tackles the issue of the main purpose of education. Should the emphasis at the beginning of formal education be upon one’s learning of the letters of the alphabet, their subsequent joining together to form words and then “clinging to” the curricula of the school subjects? Or should education be about one’s cognition and understanding of the surrounding reality while the alphabet of the knowledge of the world is only its instrument of development? The paper emphasizes educational and existential analyses of Paulo Freire. It also discusses two concepts of education pushed forward by Freire: the banking and the problem posing ones. The conclusions completing the paper concern the results which stem from each concept for both individuals and societies.

Słowa kluczowe

alphabetization; emancipation; Paulo Freire; banking education; problem posing education

Pełny tekst:



Feire P., Cultural Action for Freedom, Baltimore–Ringwood 1972.

Freire P., Pedagogy of the Oppressed, London 1972.

Freire P., Padagogik der Solidaritat. Fur eine Entwicklungshilfe im Dialog, Wuppertal 1974.

Freire P., Erziehung als Praxis der Freiheit. Beispiele zur Padagogik der Unterdruckten, Hamburg 1977.

Freire P., Pedagogy in Process. The Letters to Guinea-Bissau, New York 1978.

Freire P., Education for Critical Consciousness, New York 1980.

Freire P., Dialog als Prinzip. Erwachsenenalphabetisierung in Guinea Bissau, Wuppertal 1980.

Freire P., Der Lehrer ist Politiker und Kunstler. Neue texte zu befreiender Bildungsarbeit, Hamburg 1981.

Freire P., The Politics of Education. Culture, Power, and Liberation, Basingstoke–Hampshire–London 1985.

Freire P., Pedagogy of the City, New York 1993.

Freire P., Letters to Cristina. Reflections on My Life and Work, New York–London 1996.

Freire P., Literacy: Reading the Word and the World, Massachusetts 1987.

Freire P., Shor I., A Pedagogy for Liberation. Dialogues on Transforming Education, Massachusetts 1987.


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